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who often produce both languages simultaneously

[2018-09-10 11:09:03] 来源: 编辑: 点击量:
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导读:  The researchers studied bilingual individuals fluent in English and American Sign Language (ASL), who often produce

  The researchers studied bilingual individuals fluent in English and American Sign Language (ASL), who often produce both languages simultaneously.

  "The fact that they can do both at the same time offers a unique opportunity to disentangle engagement and disengagement processes, that is, how they turn languages 'on' and 'off'," said the paper's lead author Esti Blanco-Elorrieta, a postdoctoral candidate at NYU.

  Therefore, the researchers could ask the participants to go from producing both languages to producing only one, thus isolating the process of turning a language "off", or to switch from producing a single language to producing both, thus isolating the process of turning a language "on."

 

  They used magnetoencephalography and observed bilingual signers/speakers who viewed the same pictures and named them with semantically identical expressions.

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